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The history of groundnuts…

The history of groundnuts… Image

Posted on 14 April 2020, by Makhosi Mahlangu


Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) belongs to an important family Leguminosae. Groundnut is also known as peanut, earthnut, monkey nut, pinda, goober and manila nut.

Groundnuts (Arachis hypogae L.) are an important nuts in African villages

Groundnut originated in South America specifically in southern Bolivia and the northwestern region of Argentina and the crop was later introduced to Africa, Europe, Asia, and the Pacific Islands during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries by Spaniards and Portuguese.

Many African countries produce groundnuts

Groundnuts are ranked as the thirteenth most important crop in the world and are grown on approximately 23.95 million ha worldwide with the total production of 36.45 million tonnes per hectare and with an average yield of 1.52 tonnes per hectare (FAOSTAT, 2011).

Groundnuts are widely cultivated in subtropical and semi-arid regions in almost 100 countries within the six continents of the world between 40° north and 40° south of the equator.

Groundnut production is set to increase in Africa

Peanuts are as popular as they are healthy. They’re an excellent plant-based source of protein and high in various vitamins, minerals, and plant compounds. They can be useful as a part of a weight loss diet and may reduce your risk of both heart disease and gallstones.

West African Chicken-Peanut Soup (Photo credit: Wives with knives)

Peanut soup or groundnut soup is a soup made from peanuts, often with various other ingredients. It is a staple of African cuisine but is also eaten in East Asia, the United States and other areas around the world. In Ghana it is often eaten with fufu.

This article has been taken from Simbarashe Sibanda thesis entitled ‘Effect of timing of clay loam earthing on groundnut vegetative growth and yield parameters’ at Lupane State University in Zimbabwe.

Photo credits: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/magazines/panache/seven-ways-to-incorporate-groundnuts-into-your-daily-meal/articleshow/50228959.cms
https://www.seedcogroup.com/zw/products/groundnuts
http://ghheadlines.com/agency/ghana-business-news/20200313/134558017/northern-sector-produces-85-of-ghanas-groundnuts